1989 standard

I. Denomination and synonymy

1.1. Denomination: PRESA CANARIO

1.2. Synonymy: In Tenerife it is also often called “Perro Basto”, or “Berdino”, for those specimens with a brindle coat (atigrado).

II. ORIGINS AND DIFFUSION OF THE BREED:​

Molossian dog originating from the Canary Islands. In the Agreements of the Cabildo de Tenerife, in the Ordinances of Tenerife, and in the Agreements of the Cabildo de Fuerteventura, from the 16th century, there is talk, among other canine breeds, of presa dogs. The most logical thing is to think that this dog was introduced in the Canary Islands by the Spanish conquerors and settlers. Then, with time and isolation, it could lead to a completely different race. It is also possible to think about the possibility that, due to the influence of other presa dogs brought from other parts, its typology was modified to some extent. The truth is that this hunting dog, with a voluminous body and head, somewhat lymphatic, and of an extraordinary temperament, was used in the Canary Archipelago to guard farms, to care for cattle and as a butcher’s assistant in the sacrifice of cattle.

In its evolution, from the end of the 19th century, what we could consider the modern presa dog, is outlined from the racial point of view, with the influence of the Perro de Ganado Majorero, or Bardino Majorero, which is what gives it that characteristic so peculiar that makes the Perro de Presa Canario differ from the other molossoid breeds. In recent decades it has been frequently used as a combat dog. The incessant work of breeding has ensured that the Presa Canario is widely distributed and today it is bred and selected with the concept of breed that we have today.

In its evolution, from the end of the XIX century, what we could consider the modern presa dog, is outlined from the racial point of view, with the influence of the Perro de Ganado Majorero, or Bardino Majorero, which is what gives it that Such a peculiar characteristic that makes the Presa Canario dog different from the other Molossian breeds. In recent decades it has been used frequently as a fighting dog. The incessant work of rearing has achieved that the Presa Canario is widely disseminated and currently it is bred and selected with the concept of breed that we have today.

III.GENERAL APPEARANCE AND CHARACTER​

1.-Description of the assembly (general characteristics):
Medium-sized dog, eumetric, with a straight profile. Rustic in appearance and well proportioned. It is a mesomorph whose trunk is longer than its height at the withers. Females generally longer than males. Solid head, square in appearance and wide skull. The upper lips cover the lower ones. mucous membranes black. Strong, wide-set, well-fitted teeth. Brown eyes, medium size. High set ears. Cylindrical neck, strongly muscled and covered by thick, loose and elastic skin. With not excessive double chin. High tail implantation. Wide chest and great thoracic breadth. Moderately tucked belly. Perfectly plumb forelimbs, with wide and strong bones and pronounced angulations that guarantee good cushioning and a long trot. Cat foot. Powerful and muscular hind limbs, with medium angulations and correct poise, with a cat’s foot slightly longer than the previous one. Elastic and thick leather. Short hair, without undercoat, which presents some roughness. Brindle, fawn and black coat. Usually black mask.

2. Character and aptitude: Its appearance is of extraordinary power. Severe look. Specially equipped for guard and defense functions and for driving cattle. Firm temperament. Skilled fighter, tendency that shows by atavism. Low and deep barking. He is noble and meek in family and distrustful of strangers. In the past it was frequently used as a fighting dog.

IV. EXTERNAL MORPHOLOGY

1.-Height at the withers:
Males, from 61 to 66 cm.
Females, from 57 to 62 cm.
In specimens that can exceed the height limit, a correct proportion between the dimension of the extremities and the volume of the trunk must be required.


2.- Head:
brachycephalic type. cuboid trend. Solid appearance. The skull face ratio is 6 to 4. The fronto-nasal depression is not very pronounced. Average length: 25 cm.


2.1.- Skull:
Convex anteroposteriorly and transversely. Flat frontal bone. Very marked zygomatic arch, with great development of the temporal and masseter muscles and the suborbital region. The depression between frontal sinuses is marked. The occipital crest practically obliterated by the muscles of the neck.
Mean head circumference: 60 cm.


2.2.- Face or snout:
shorter than the skull. Normally it represents 40% of the total head. It is of great width, in prolongation of the skull. Craniofacial lines are straight or slightly converging.

2.3.- Nose or nose:
Wide, strongly pigmented black. With wide open holes.

2.4.- Lips or upper lip:
Medium thick and meaty. The upper one covers the lower one and as a whole, seen from the front, it forms an inverted V. The mucous membranes are dark in color, although a pinkish tone may appear, however, black is desirable. He doesn’t normally drool.

2.6.- Maxillae:
Teeth with very strong and well fitted insertion base. Usually does not present prognathism. Pincer bite or scissors bite. The incisors and canines must be well aligned and arranged. The canines have a wide transverse distance.

4.- Ears:
Pendants when complete. Sudden start and medium size and high implantation. They keep them flat on the skull or folded in pink. If they are cut, according to tradition, they remain erect and triangular in shape. The specimens with full ears will compete in the same conditions as those with cropped ears.

5.- Neck:
Cylindrical, straight, solid and very muscular, especially in the upper part. It is rather short and its lower edge has loose skin that contributes to the formation of a double chin, not excessive, in the longitudinal direction. Average length: between 18 and 20 cm.

6.- Forelimbs:
Perfectly plumb, with wide bones and covered with powerful and visible muscles. The elbows should not be too close to the ribs, nor open outwards. Cat foot. Solid nails, black or white, in relation to the color of the coat. Average length of the forearm: 23 cm. Average of the previous cane: 14 cm.

7.- Trunk:
Its length normally exceeds the height at the withers by 10 or 12 percent. Wide and wide chest, with well marked pectoral muscles. Seen from the side, it must reach at least the elbow. The chest circumference will normally be equal to the height plus 1/3 of it, although it is desirable to exceed this proportion. Well sprung ribs. The thoracic set tends to be cylindrical. Average thoracic perimeter: 88 cm.

7.1. -Back line:
Straight, rising slightly towards the croup. Apparent saddle on the back, just behind the withers.

7.2.- Group:
Straight, medium length and wide. The height at the croup is normally 1.5 cm higher than the height at the withers.

7.3.- Flanks:
Little marked, only insinuated.

7.4.- Belly:
Moderately collected, forming an arched line that extends the ribs.

7.5.- Sexual organs:
The male must present a complete and perfect development of both testicles. The scrotum must be collected.

8.- Tail
Set high, flexible, thick and fleshy at the beginning, tapering towards the tip, down to the hock. In action it rises in the form of a saber with the tip forward, without curling.

9.- Hindquarters:
Powerful. Correctly plumb front and profile. Long and muscular thighs. Little pronounced angulations. Cat foot. Normally there is no spur. Hocks without deviations and low. The existence of a spur may detract from the score, but is not a reason for disqualification.

10.- Cloak:
10.1. Hair:
Short throughout. Generally thicker on the withers, throat, and crest of the buttocks. No undercoat. Compact in the tail. Rustic in appearance, it presents a certain roughness.

10.2.- Colour:
Brindle (Bardino) throughout its range, from very warm dark to very light neutral gray and blond. Fawns throughout their range, even the arena. Sometimes they can present white spots around the neck that can extend towards the skull, or on the extremities, although it is desirable that the presence of white be as reduced as possible. They usually have a white patch on the chest, more or less long. The mask is always dark in color and can reach eye level.

11.-Weight:
Average in males: From 45 to 57 k. Average in females: From 40 to 50 k.


12.- Defects
12.1.-Minor
Same height croup-withers. slight prognathism. Excessive wrinkles in the craniofacial region. Presence of spur. Light eyes. Atypical bark.


12.2.- Severe
Little pigmentation of the nose. Excessively hanging lips. Different colored eyes. Excessive prognathism. Specimens with a slightly agalgado appearance. Incorrect or deviated plumbing. Absence of premolars. Imbalance of character, shyness, etc. Fragile appearance and poor structure. Head that does not meet the skull-face proportion. Curled tail, of equal thickness throughout its length, amputated or deformed.

12.3.- Eliminatory
Monorchid, cryptorchid or castrated specimens. White spots greater than 30%, or with spots on the back. Enognatism. Total depigmentation of the nose or mucous membranes.

This new tool will be ready very soon. It allows you to view the dogs you have registered or own, make modifications, add photos and transfer them to a new owner.

A Presa Canario Seminar in Dallas, Texas

Do you want to learn everything you need about the Perro de Presa Canario? In this seminar, it will be possible.

How this work?

  • Single registration: is the first thing you should do. You have to register the parents of your dog in order to have a Presarve pedigree. To do this, they must have the pedigree of a previous registration.
  • Litter registration: You must register the litter and number the number of males and females that have been born. You will receive a litter code to the email that you must use for permanent registration.
  • Permanent registration: With the litter number you can process the permanent records, which are with which you can receive your physical pedigree and the file will be added to search.presarve.com

Physical pedigree

It consists of an A4 size document that shows the identification data of the dog on the main face. Inside the document you can find the genealogy in 3 generations. On the back you will see a card with the Qr code that redirects to the dog’s digital file at search.presarve.com

Frequently Asked Questions?

Our recommendation is that you first browse the entire website, and click on buttons to see what each of them does. If you still don’t understand it, you can read these frequently asked questions:

If the parents of your dog are registered on Presarve, you just have to click on “Add new dog” on the desktop.

If the parents of your dog are already registered on Presarve, you just have to select the mother and the father on the “Add dog” form.

If the parents of your dog are not registered on Presarve, you have to provide a previous pedigree on the same form.

On the registering form, you can add photos, videos, health certificates and the rest of the info. Then, when the dog is already registered, you can add more photos.

If you are just and owner and you want to register your dog, you have to pay $100/dog.

If you are a breeder, you have to pay $150/year membership to be able to register your kennel. After doing that, you will be able to register dogs with parents registered on Presarve for $40. If parents are not registered on Presarve, you will have to pay $50/dog.

After you send the forms, and we check that all the info provided is correct, we will send you a payment requirement with the total amount you have to pay. You will see it on Desktop page. After you do the payment, we will publish all the databases.

After you register the dog, you will be able to select the new owner editing the dog profile on the same page where you registered the dog. The new owner must be registered on Presarve son you can be able to select him. One time you do it, the dog will disappear from your “My dogs” page on the desktop, and will appear on the new owner desktop. Since that moment, only the owner will be able to update dog photos.